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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 171-177

The effect of educational program on self-care behaviors of candidates for coronary artery angiography


Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Masoumeh Shohani
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_100_20

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Context: Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability in the world and its prevalence is increasing. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of educational program on self-care behaviors of candidates for coronary artery angiography. Setting and Design: This study was a quasi-experimental interventional study conducted at Imam Hossein Hospital in Mehran/Ilam in 2018. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty-six candidates for coronary artery angiography were randomly divided into two groups of intervention and control and completed the Cardiac Patients Learning Needs Inventory. The intervention group was trained with cardiovascular care educational program after angiography. After 2 weeks, the questionnaire was completed again by both groups. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, t-test, and paired t-test using SPSS software version 18. Results: The educational needs of the subjects were measured in eight areas of self-care (introduction to the cardiac intensive care unit, anatomy and physiology, psychological factors, risk factors, pharmaceutical information, nutritional information, physical activity, and other information). Most of the samples had moderate-to-high educational need (intervention group = 3.46) and (control group = 3.86), and the educational need in intervention group reached 1.62, which was significant (P < 0.001), but there was no significant change (P = 0.871) in the control group (3.31). Conclusion: Promoting self-care behaviors in patients undergoing coronary angiography using educational interventions is important and necessary. The curriculum that is designed and used in this study is recommended as a sample.


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