ORC ID , Zohreh Taraghi2, Azar Jafari-Koulaee3 ORC ID , Forouzan Elyasi4, Mahmood Moosazadeh5">
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 155-162

Comparison of the effect of multisensory stimulation intervention and aromatherapy inhalation with lavender essence on anxiety and depression in the older adults undergoing hemodialysis


1 Department of Geriatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran
2 Department of Geriatric Nursing, Health Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran
4 Department of Psychiatry, Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Center, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, School of Medicine, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran
5 Health Science Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Miss. Azar Jafari-Koulaee
Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 0.4103/JNMS.JNMS_105_20

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Context: Effective management of anxiety and depression in older adults undergoing dialysis is essential because of unpleasant consequences. Aims: This study aimed to comparison the effect of multisensory stimulation intervention and lavender aromatherapy on anxiety and depression in the older adults undergoing hemodialysis. Setting and Design: This was an interventional study with two groups with pre and posttest plan (IRCTID: IRCT20170611034454N4). Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 48 patients in Sari in 2020 that were randomly divided into multisensory stimulation and aromatherapy groups. Anxiety and depression were measured by geriatric anxiety inventory and geriatric depression scale. Patients received interventions 3 days of a week for 4 weeks. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS v.21. Mann–Whitney U test was used to compare the anxiety and depression, as divided by the time intervals to before and after the intervention between two groups. Friedman test was utilized to compare the anxiety and depression over the various measurement times in each group. Results: Significance difference were found in each group in terms of anxiety and depression reduction during various measurement times (P < 0.001). There was a significant difference between two groups in terms of depression one week after the end of the intervention (P = 0.03). Conclusion: According to the results, it seems that multisensory stimulation intervention and aromatherapy can be useful for improving the anxiety and depression but multisensory stimulation was more effective to improve depression.


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