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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 137-144

The effects of resilience training on self-efficacy, empowerment, and social adjustment of renal transplant patients


1 Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Shahid Modarres Hospital Social Worker, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Ziba Shahini
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Modares Hospital Social Worker, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jnms.jnms_173_20

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Context: Chronic kidney disease refers to one of the chronic diseases highly affecting the quality of life (QoL) of patients. Aim: The present study investigated the effectiveness of resilience training on self-efficacy, empowerment, and social adjustment of renal transplant patients. Setting and Design: This study was a quasi-experimental interventional pre-test-post-test research with control group conducted at Shahid Modarres Hospital in 2020. Materials and Methods: From all kidney transplant patients admitted to Shahid Modarres Hospital and Shohada Tajrish Hospital who underwent kidney transplant surgery in 1398, 30 people were selected and randomly divided into two experimental groups (15 kidney transplant patients in Shahid Modarres Hospital in Tehran) and Witnesses (15 kidney transplant patients were admitted to Shohada Tajrish Hospital in Tehran). The experimental group participated in 12 sessions of 45 minutes in the resilience training program. Both groups completed the Scherer and Maddox (1982) self-efficacy questionnaires, the Spritzer (1995) psychological empowerment questionnaire, and the Wissman and Pickel (1974) social adjustment questionnaires before and after the intervention. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, t-test, and paired t-test using SPSS software version 18. Results: Resilience training was effective on self-efficacy, social adjustment, as well as the empowerment of renal transplant patients. Conclusion: The findings showed that resilience training in renal transplant patients enhances self-efficacy, empowerment, and social adjustment, thus promoting their physical, general, and psychological health. Also, it seems that the designing andresilience training can facilitate the process of empowerment, accompanied by increasing self-efficacy and social adjustment of patients.


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