ORC ID , Laleh Fanisaberi1, Tahereh Yaghobi1, Mehdi Pourasghar2, Nouroeddin Mousavinasab3, Zohreh Taraghi1 ORC ID ">
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 248-254

The effect of progressive muscle relaxation on depressive symptoms in elderly people


1 Health Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
3 Department of Biostatistics, Health Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zohreh Taraghi
Health Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_35_20

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Context: Depression is one of the most common old-age psychiatric disorders. Aims: The present study was conducted to determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on depressive symptoms in elders. Setting and Design: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in two seniors daycare centers of Mazandaran in 2019. Materials and Methods: A total of 76 elderly people divided into intervention and control groups (38 each). The intervention group performed relaxation exercises twice a day for 30 days, and the control group received only the routine cares. The two groups' depression was assessed before and a month after relaxation using the Geriatric Depression Scale. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed in SPSS-22 using Mann–Whitney and Wilcoxon tests. Results: After a month, depression score in the intervention group reduced from 7.13 ± 1.14 to 5.55 ± 0.98 (P < 0.001), but the score change in the control group was not significant (from 7.13 ± 0.96 to 7.18 ± 0.83) (P = 0.655). The intervention significantly changed depression score in elders (P < 0.001). Conclusion: A month of progressive muscle relaxation appears to improve depressive symptoms in elderly people. Implementing of such measures is recommended in the day care centers.


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