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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 117-124

Effect of telephone follow-up on postdelivery breastfeeding and maternal attachment

1 Trauma Nursing Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Alborz Hospital of Karaj, Karaj, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery
Trauma Nursing Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_6_18

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Context: Encouraging breastfeeding is a public health priority. However, no study is available from Iran on the effect of telephone follow-up on postpartum maternal attachment to the newborn. Aims: To assess the impact of postpartum telephone follow-up on breastfeeding and maternal attachment. Setting and Design: A clinical trial was conducted on 120 mothers who had a delivery at Alborz Hospital of Karaj during the spring of 2014. Material and Methods: Mothers were randomly assigned into three groups of 40. The groups one and three received breastfeeding training (BFT) and the groups one and two received telephone follow-up. Data were collected using a questionnaire. All groups had a pretest and a posttest on their knowledge, attitude, and performance toward breastfeeding. Mothers' attachment to their newborn was assessed at the end of the study. Statistical Analysis Used: Analysis of variance, Tukey, and Paired t tests were used for data analysis. Results: The BFT plus telephone follow-up could increase the mothers' scores in breastfeeding. However, telephone follow-up could not affect the maternal attachment scores. The mean attachment score was significantly higher in mothers with a planned pregnancy (P < 0.001), higher financial income (P < 0.01), and a girl baby (P < 0.014). Conclusions: This study confirmed the beneficial effect of BFT and telephone follow-up on mothers' knowledge, attitude, and performance toward breastfeeding. Therefore, integration of BFT and telephone follow-up in postpartum care programs are suggested.

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