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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-7

Comparison the effect of multimedia and peer training methods on the anxiety of Trans Esophagus Echocardiography candidate


1 Master Student of Critical Care Nursing, Member of Student Research Committee, Nursing and Midwifery College, Sari, Iran
2 Nasibe Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
3 Health Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
4 Cardiovascular Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
5 Cardiovascular Research Center, Rajaei Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Orthopedic Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ravanbakhsh Esmaeili
Orthopedic Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_45_18

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Context: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is an invasive method that causes anxiety. Studies have shown that education is effective in reducing anxiety. Aims: This study aimed to compare the effect of two educational methods of multimedia and peer training on the anxiety of patients who are candidates for TEE. Setting and Design: This study was a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in 2018 Mazandaran Heart Center, Sari. Materials and Methods: 46 Patient seeking TEE (16 in the multimedia group(ME), 16 in the peer group(PE) and 14 in the control group) and randomly divided into three groups. The data collection tool was personal information form and the Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory. All groups received routine training. In addition,one intervention group, received PE and another intervention group received ME. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS 25. The significance level was considered below 0.05. Results: There was no significant difference between groups in terms of personal and medical characteristics. The mean of anxiety scores before training was 44.6± 2.2, 46.18± 2.7, 46.5± 2 in the peer group, multimedia and control group (P = 0.826). The mean of anxiety scores in the peer group, multimedia and control group after intervention was 42.2 ± 3.3, 41.6 ± 2.6, and 47 ± 7 (P = 0.354). This difference was not statistically significant. Conclusions: Both PE and ME groups decreased anxiety in patients with TEE. But it was not statistically and the use of these techniques required more studies.


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