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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 68-73

Spousal relationship and childbearing: A review article


1 Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nahid Maleki-Saghooni
Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_25_18

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Context: In the recent years, unprecedented reduction in fertility occurred in many countries that affected by demographic, economic, social, political, cultural, and familial factors. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate studies those determine the correlation between spousal relationship and childbearing. Setting and Design: In this review study, to find both published Persian and English articles, database of Scopus, PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Scientific Information Database, and Magiran were searched using keywords of Spousal OR Marital OR Couple AND Relationship AND Childbearing OR Sex Behavior OR Reproductive Behavior that were selected from the MeSH Glossary. There was no limitation about place and study design. Materials and Methods: Two researchers conducted the electronic search on mentioned databases. The reliability of the data collection method was examined by a third researcher who had good knowledge of the subject but was not aware of the name of journal and the authors. Statistical Analysis Used: No. Results: Of the 30 studies reviewed, 20 papers directly (increase interaction between spouses increased willingness to childbearing), 9 articles inversely (increase interaction between spouses increased use of contraception and reduced fertility), and one study mutually were shown relationship between spousal relationship and childbearing. Conclusion: It can be said that marital interactions and spousal relationships have a significant correlation with childbearing, and most of the studies mention that there is a direct relationship between them. Fertility growth is impossible without the promotion of individual, social, and familial factors, such as couples' emotional relationships, and policymakers should pay attention to this and plan accordingly.


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