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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-24

Evaluation of possible risk factors in the development of gastric cancer


1 Department of Nursing, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran
2 Department of Student Research Committee, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran
3 Department of Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Akram Hemmatipour
Department of Nursing, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_13_18

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Context: Gastric cancer is the most prevalent among gastrointestinal cancers, and one of the deadliest diseases in Iran. It is very important to understand the factors that affect this disease. Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting gastric cancer patients in Ahvaz in 2018. Settings and Design: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 105 gastric cancer patients were included in this study within 3 months after obtaining the signed informed consent from them. The study population was selected using the census. Materials and Methods: The data gathering tool was a researcher-made questionnaire on the factors affecting the disease. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tests, one-dimensional Chi-square and binomial and SPSS-16. Results: Of 105 patients with gastric cancer, 75 (71.4%) were male, 85 (81%) were married, 15 (14.3%) had an alcohol history, and 75 (71.4%) had a history of fast food consumption. A positive blood group with the number 25 (23.8%) was the most common type of blood. In examining the effective variables, it was also found that gender, residence, smoking, and alcohol were significantly affected by the binomial test on gastric cancer (P < 0001). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that many factors, such as fast food and urban life, smoking and alcohol, and a positive blood-type A group affect the disease.


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